We formulate and estimate a tractable macroeconomic model with time-varying precautionary savings. We argue that the latter affect aggregate fluctuations via two main channels: a stabilizing aggregate supply effect working through the supply of capital; and a destabilizing aggregate demand effect generated by a feedback loop between unemployment risk and consumption demand. Using the estimated model to measure the contribution of precautionary savings to the propagation of recent recessions, we find strong aggregate demand effects during the Great Recession and the 1990–1991 recession. In contrast, the supply effect at least offset the demand effect during the 2001 recession.
Edouard Challe, Julien Matheron, Xavier Ragot and Juan F. Rubio-Ramirez
Classification JEL : E32
Keywords : Incomplete markets, DSGE model, Bayesian estimation, Great Recession
Updated on: 06/12/2018 10:56